LED strips, or LED strips, have recently entered the lighting industry. They have actually been on the market for a little over a decade.
Their success is due not only to their high lighting performance, which makes LEDs increasingly popular, but also to their great application versatility. In fact, they can be used not only for office and commercial lighting, but also in homes.
How is adhesive LED strip light manufactured and how is it installed?
Adhesive LED strips are relatively easy to install, but they contain a variety of specifications, sizes and colors, so it is not easy to find your way around when you buy them.
The strips consist of a printed circuit board on which LEDs, SMD type, and resistors are soldered on one side to optimize the power supply.
The strip, being flexible, is a support for a practical application on any surface, even with a curved shape.
Installation is further facilitated by the presence of a double-sided adhesive tape on the back that allows it to be fixed without the need for any fastener. Simply detach the back cover and let it adhere perfectly to the chosen support, taking care to avoid the formation of disconnections or air bubbles.
The power supply is also provided by the circuit board, and there is no need for any cable except at the end of the strip.
Customized Adhesive LED Strip
Adhesive LED strips are generally sold in the length of 5 meters, which can be cut as required, as the cutting can be done every 3 LEDs. The width and thickness are 10 and 1.5-2 millimeters respectively.
There are also strips that have a double row of LEDs, which gives a density of 120 LEDs per meter. In this case, the width of the strip can be up to 18 – 20 mm. However, this type of strip has not found wide commercial distribution.
If you use several strips of cut and sequenced LEDs, you must take into account that the printed circuit board that forms the basis, being very thin, can not withstand a high current. This means that each strip must be powered independently and cannot draw its own power from the previous one.
The LEDs that make up the base element of the strip are, as mentioned, of the SMD type, but of different types. With the introduction of more and more efficient types on the market, the quality of these LEDs has gradually improved.
In addition to the type of lamp, another crucial element in understanding the quality of a strip is the number of LEDs it contains. There are usually between 30 and 120 per meter and in some cases up to 240. Of course, the higher the number of LEDs, the higher the quality of the strip.
Often the number of LEDs is also expressed per 5 meters, as this is the most common reel size on the market.
To consider the energy consumption of an LED strip, you need to know the energy consumption of the individual bulb and multiply it by the total number.
Light type and colors of LED strip lights
LED strips are white light, in warm, natural or cool tones, and can take all the colors of lights currently on the market, that is, red, yellow, blue, green, orange and ochre.
In addition, there are SMD LEDs that contain certain chips that, driven by a special driver, can compose the primary colors to obtain millions of possible combinations.
The IP rating of a lamp indicates its level of resistance to external elements such as dust or liquids. This indicator is also present on LED strips, so depending on its value, we can understand whether a strip can even be used in an underwater environment. For the latter use, it will be necessary to use strips with IP 68, while those with IP 65 or 66 are suitable for outdoor use.
LED strip lights at home can be used in many ways. They range from general room lighting to specific points, such as inside a cabinet, false ceiling, mirror backlighting.
Among the negative points of this product, it should be noted that the flexible part of the LEDs is made of silicone resin, a material not exactly ideal for dissipating the heat produced by the chips. Therefore, it is recommended to use aluminum, a more suitable material for this purpose, as the bonding base. In this way, it is also possible to extend the life of LEDs.
What is the lifetime of LED bulb?
The average life of a properly installed LED bulb is about 50,000 hours of operation, or 15 years, if left on for 10 hours a day.